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The original Sanskrit verses and
(word for word translated) of the
Mahâbhârata, Bhîshma Parva ch. 23-40.

with comments taken from the writings of



 

 

 

 

 

Preface

 

 

     Embodiments of Love!

    "
The Bhagavad Gîtâ deals with the basic facts of the gross material world and the subtle spiritual world; human society and the human mind. The Gîtâ is a mirror of the mind of the total, integral and universal man. It elevates man from the intellectual to the spiritual level and illumines his pathway to the Paramâtmâ. It elucidates the secret of total self surrender. It is an aid to the integral and total transformation of man. It is an epitome of the spiritual verities revealed by Lord Krishna."

    "
The Bhagavad Gîtâ expounds the secret of creation and the essence of divinity. It explains the theory and practice of all spiritual knowledge based on individual experience. We must try and understand its true significance and practical relevance to human destiny. The sun is the source of light on the earth. Without the sun, the entire world will be plunged in darkness. Similarly, Lord Krishna is the source of intellectual illumination and spiritual enlightenment." - Summer Showers in Brindavan 1979, p. 12

    "
To understand the meaning of the Gîtâ, the reverential approach is necessary.... The Gîtâ is a text for spiritual practitioners, for it emphasizes sâdhana, and spiritual attitudes, more than anything else. Every chapter lays down means and methods of reaching the goal of peace and harmony. Now sâdhana is the product of keen and steady yearning for progress. The aspirant must aspire, not despair. He must persevere, not clamor for quick success. The Gîtâ is like a boat, which takes man across from the self-imposed state of bondage to the freedom that is his nature. He is taken from darkness to light, from lusterlessness to splendor. The Gîtâ ordains for man disciplines and duties that are free from the taints of vasanas (tendencies and impulses) that tie him to the relentless wheel of birth and death. Really speaking, man has come to this karmakshetra (field of activity) only to engage himself in activity, not in order to earn the fruit of such activity. That is the teaching of the Gîtâ, its fundamental lesson. The Gîtâ is the quintessence of the meaning of all the Vedas.... The Gîtâ is the very voice of Lord Krishna. The fact that it has provided consolation and liberation to millions of men is evidence of its divine origin. A lesser person could not have given it that authenticity." - Gîtâ Vahini, pp. 1-3

    "
Krishna is Purushottama, the greatest being. We can offer our faults and foibles, and sins and sorrows, at Krishna's feet and enjoy the highest treasure of pure, unalloyed bliss. We must enshrine the teachings of Krishna in our hearts and practice these precepts in our daily lives. The slokas of the Bhagavad Gîtâ will banish the soka (sorrow) in our hearts and give us abiding peace and joy." - Summer Showers in Brindavan 1979, p. 16

    "
The divine annunciations of the Gîtâ enable man to transcend the barriers of the world and acquire divine power and spiritual energy. All creatures are equally exposed to the celestial radiance of sat-chit-ânanda ... However, man is so preoccupied with the external world of sensations that he has become unconscious of his own divinity and his natural identity with Godhead." - Summer Showers in Brindavan 1979, p. 13

    "
Ekam Sat - the One is Real. Truth is one and its manifestations are many. This is the central doctrine of the Bhagavad Gîtâ." - Summer Showers in Brindavan 1979, p. 145

    "
For many millenia the Bhagavad Gîtâ has been propagating the high ideals of the life divine. It is a peerless spiritual text that has brought great fame to Bharat. It has been the special privilege of Bharat to have received the Bhagavad Gîtâ. The Gîtâ is a unique scriptural poem, unsurpassed in meta-physical content by the texts of any other country ... The Gîtâ does not observe any distinctions on the basis of caste, creed, community or nationality, or as between men or women. It is an eclectic and catholic scripture, transcending all man-made barriers, and of universal relevance. It reveals the importance of one's own dharma or duty (sva-dharma) to all those who study it in a spirit of adoration." - Summer Showers in Brindavan 1979, pp. 161-2

    "
Krishna taught the Gîtâ to Arjuna. But He intended it for the whole of humanity. Arjuna was just an excuse. That very Gîtâ is today correcting all mankind. It is not for any particular caste, religion or nation. It is the very breath for humans everywhere." - Dharma Vahini, p. 8

    "
The Gîtâ prompts you to seek the answers and directs you to experience them. It helps you to control the chitta, the agitations of the mind; it destroys delusion; it develops true knowledge; it makes you glimpse the splendor of the Lord and confirms your faith." - Sathya Sai Speaks I, p. 174

    "
The Gîtâ is the greatest harmonizer of all yogas. As a matter of fact, once the Gîtâ is made the guiding star of your life, the way you act will be karma yoga, the way you feel will be bhakti yoga, the way you reason will be jñâna yoga. It will become automatically so. What you do, will be in line with dharma; what you feel will foster prema; what you think must reveal sathyam." - Sathya Sai Speaks II, pp. 53-4

    "
You must all study the Gîtâ, daily. Read a few slokas and meditate on the meaning yourself; it will dawn on you in the silence of your heart. You need not read elaborate commentaries. Each word in the Gîtâ is a gem. No more do you need gemstones for the ear, the nose, and the neck; have the gem of the Gîtâslokas in your heart; let them activate your intellect and your hands." - Sathya Sai Speaks VIII, p. 53

    "
Nothing that is experienced will go to waste. It will shape the course of events; it will change attitudes and habits; it will purify and clarify situations and outlooks. That is why I want you to read the Gîtâ; it is like learning eetha (swimming), this learning of the Gîtâ. Eetha saves you from drowning. Gîtâ saves you from drowning in the treacherous flood of worldly desire. The Gîtâ is the real purpose for which the Avatâra of Krishna was undertaken." - Sathya Sai Speaks IV. p. 348

    "
Sing the Gîtâ ... We are asked to sing the Gîtâ. By singing the Gîtâ we will be turning our minds from the material desires and mitigating our restlessness. Gîtâ, being the essence of Vedanta, is the Royal road to salvation. It is the word of Sai as well." - Summer Showers in Brindavan 1973, p. 250

    "
Bhagavad Gîtâ means 'The song of God', words that have come to us as His flowers, as His 'prasad'. Vyâsa has woven these flowers, the words of God, into a beautiful garland and gifted it to us. God is the basis of this world. Bhagavad Gîtâ consists essentially of three parts, namely karma kanda, upasana kanda and jnana kanda. These are being referred to as the six-chapter contents in each case. People say that through these three parts, Bhagavad Gîtâ has been teaching us various spiritual aspects, such as bhakti or devotion, jñâna or knowledge, yoga or meditation, and so on and so forth. But Bhagavad Gîtâ, in addition to these, has really also given us the great saying TAT TWAM ASI, meaning 'That Thou Art'. This is the essence or the keynote of Bhagavad Gîtâ. The first six chapters teach us about the jîva or the soul that resides in this body and, through that, the nature of jîva. The next six chapters, while teaching us the path of bhakti, also show us the nature and content of what we call tat or 'THAT'. The last six chapters, while giving us the content and meaning of the third word asi, also tell us about how to realize the identity of the self, the jîvatma, with 'THAT', the Paramâtmâ, and also teach us how to give up things, how to sacrifice and reach moksha or liberation. If we study Bhagavad Gîtâ in the proper way and inquire into its contents, then we will understand the true nature of the saying TAT TWAM ASI."- Summer Showers in Brindavan 1972, pp. 100-1

    "
All people do not derive the same benefit from the Gîtâ. It depends on the deservedness and purity of the individual. Ultimately, the individual is responsible for everything that he does. Human beings may not be able to even imagine the sublime bliss of spirituality as long as they prefer to wallow in the mire of slothfulness.

    "
The Bhagavad Gîtâ that we read today has been embellished by Vyâsa's poetic genius. One need not memorize all its 'slokas' to achieve the inner tranquility of spirituality. A single sloka from the Gîtâ is enough to transform our lives. Steadfastness (sraddha) is necessary for acquiring the knowledge of spirituality. The Bhagavad Gîtâ exhorts us to become fitting instruments of God. It should be repeatedly read for intellectual illumination and spiritual enlightenment." - Summer Showers in Brindavan 1979, p. 27

    "
The Bhagavad Gîtâ contains the quintessence of all scriptures. It should be studied assiduously by every spiritual aspirant. It should also be regarded as a book of great practical value in our daily lives. It has given solace to many, and it will help you also in your spiritual progress." - Summer Showers in Brindavan 1979, p. 29

 

    

 

 

    

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